PERBEDAAN STATUS GIZI BALITA ANTARA SEBELUM DAN SETELAH PENERAPAN CARE FOR CHILD DEVELOPMENT (CCD)

Eka Oktavianto

Abstract


Background: Nutritional problems of children less than five years is still one important child health problem in the world. This can occur as a result of poverty, health care is still bad, poor nutrition, and infection. Care for child development training (CCD) to cadres and the aplication, could be one of the efforts to overcome it 

Objective: The study was conducted to assess the diferences of nutritional status of the children before and after CCD training on cadre

Methods: A pre-experimental design  one group with pretest and posttes was used in this study. Cadre and children 6-60 months in Puskesmas Mantrijeron Yogyakarta were included in this research. Cadres of were given CCD training for two days, and then they counsel to the caregiver. CCD module for cadres and facilitators, video, and counseling cards were used as instruments. Nutritional status of childrens measured a week before and three months after the training CCD. Bivariate data analysis using Marginal homogeneity test.

Results: 13 cadres and 60 childrens were enrolled in this study. The results showed that 12 childrens had an increase in nutritional status. There was 1 child (1.7%) very thin nutritional status becomes non-existent. Likewise, originally there were 14 childrens (23.3%) underweight to five (8.3%) after given intervention. There were significant differences in the nutritional status between before and after the intervention (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: There were significant differences in the nutritional status between before and after the intervention (p < 0.05). CCD training on cadre followed by counseling by the cadres to the mothers can improve the nutritional status of childrens. 

Keywords: CCD training, cadres, children, nutritional status.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aboud, F.E., et. al. (2013). Efectiveness of parenting program in Bangladesh to address early childhood health, growth and development. Social Science and Medicine 97 (2013) 250-8.

Agostoni, C., et al. (2005). The need for nutrition support teams in pediatric units: A commentary by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition. J Pediatri Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005; 41:8-11.

Engle, P. L., et. al. (2007). Child development in developing countries 3: startegies to avoid the loss of developmeental potential in more than 200 million children in the developing world. Lancet 2007 Januari 20, Vol. 369.

Eagle P.L., et al. (2011). Cild development 2: strategis for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for youg children in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet 2011 Oktober 8, Vol. 378.

Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (IDAI). (2011). Rekomendasi Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia: Asuhan Nutrisi Pediatrik (Pediatric Nutrition Care), penyunting, Damayanti Rusli Sjarif, Sri S. Nasar, Yoga Devaera, Conny Tanjung. Diunduh dari www.idai.org.

Kementrian Kesehatan R.I. (Kemenkes RI). (2013). Riset keseatan dasar: riskesdas 2013. Jakarta: Kementrian Keseatan RI & Bakti Husada. Diunduh dari www.depkes.go.id.

McGregor, S.G., et.al. (2007). Child development in developing countris 1: developmental potensial in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet 2007 Januari 6, Vol. 369.

United Nation Children’s Fund (UNICEF). (2013). Building global capacity for the implementation of the WHO/ UNICEF intervention: care for child development. Geneva: WHO diunduh dari www.who.int.

Walker, S.P., et al. (2007). Child development in developing countries 2: Child development: risk factor for adverse outcomes in developing countries. Lancet 2007 Januari 13, Vol. 369.

Walker, S.P., et. al. (2011). Child development 1: inequality in early childhood, risk and prootective factor for early child development Lancet 2011 Oktober 8, Vol. 378.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2002). Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Diunduh dari http://www.who.int.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2012). Care for child development: improving the care for young children. Diunduh dari http://www.who.int.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32504/sm.v11i2.237

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Surya Medika Stats